Jan 11, - Everything you didn't know about your bike wheels that you should Lacing: The pattern in which the spokes are threaded when building a.
The correct wrench is the smallest size that can be used, even if it seems slow putting the wrench on the pad bike. Make sure the wrench is fully engaged respoke a bike wheel the nipple before turning.
A wrench that is partially engaged may damage the nipple and make truing difficult. When truing a wheel, the wrench and nipples may end up being seattle road bike routes upside down.
This happens if the wrench and nipple is viewed below the axle center. The wrench will appear to the mechanic as aa to the left when tightening the nipple.
Do not allow this to confuse you. Keep in mind that the nipple is rotating around the fixed spoke, the spoke does not rotate. If in doubt, imagine a screwdriver at the nipple end, and turn it clockwise or counter-clockwise as needed.
There are four basic aspects of wheel truing. These are lateral true, radial true, rim centering over the hub, and spoke tension. Professional mechanics respoke a bike wheel able to adjust spoke tension so each aspect is optimal.
Using truing stands, centering tools, spoke tensiometers, and experience, a professional will pink diamondback bike a durable and strong wheel. This aspect is the most critical to brake caliper settings. If the wheel becomes out-of-round, respoke a bike wheel wobbles up and down with each revolution. In severe cases this will affect bike shop nelson pad placement and can be felt by the rider as a bump every wheel revolution.
If the rim is offset in the frame to either side it may be difficult to adjust the brakes. Severe cases of poor centering can also cause handling problems, because the rear wheel will respoke a bike wheel track behind the front wheel.
Spokes gas powered mini bikes tensioned just like other fasteners. Spoke tension is best measured using a tool called a spoke tension meter tensiometer such as the Park Tool TM-1which flexes the spoke using a calibrated spring. The respoke a bike wheel described here emphasizes lateral true, which most affects the caliper brake. The idea is to respoke a bike wheel the wheels true enough to avoid hitting the brake pads.
The other aspects of truing such as radial, centering and tension are important.
For the novice mechanic, it is best to begin foldable exercise bike reviews lateral true in order for the brakes to work properly. The spoke nipples labeled A, C, and E are on the left side of the rim and come from the left side flange. Spoke nipples B, D, and F are on the right respoke a bike wheel come from the right side flange. Left side spokes tend to pull the rim toward the left.
Their pulling is offset by the pull respoke a bike wheel spokes on the right. Each nipple effects relatively wide area of the rim. For example, spoke C will pulls mainly adjacent to its location, but will also effect the rim up to and even whwel A and F.
Tightening nipple C increases spoke tension and moves that section of rim to the left. Tightening nipple D will z to move the rim to the right. The rods connecting hub to rim. J-Bend spokes are most common — they are identified by the bend at gike hub end, and thread into the nipple at the rim.
Wneel spokes have no bend and, as they are often proprietary to the wheel they are made for, are less readily available in bike shops. Hub flange: The collar of the hub that the spokes attach to. Small component spokes mountain bike trails virginia into at the rim.
A fitting respoke a bike wheel the rim that holds the nipple in place. The pattern in which the respoke a bike wheel are threaded when building a blke. The exact same wheel threaded in a different pattern can produce a completely different ride character. If it gets a wobble, usually caused wyeel the spokes unequally going out of tension, it is out of true.
Some Wheel Mysteries Explained. How many spokes are there? There is no standard number of spokes. Different wheels for different purposes and with differing materials respoke a bike wheel thicknesses vary in spoke count.
However, 24, 28 and 32 are common respoke a bike wheel. Can I ride with a missing spoke? If spokes are too long, they prevent you from using the screwddriver. Whel a rim has recessed spoke holes, you will have to file off protruding spoke ends to avoid their puncturing the inner tube. The right-side spokes of bime dished rear wheel are ideally 1 or 2 mm shorter than the left-side spokes.
Spoke threads and spoke holes in the rim should generally be lubricated with light grease or oil to allow the nipples to turn freely enough to get the spokes really tight. This is less important than it used to be due to the higher quality of modern spokes, nipples and rims, but it is still a good practice. In the case respoke a bike wheel derailer rear wheels, only the right-side spokes and spoke holes need to be lubricated.
Spoke threads are easily lubricated by holding the spokes together in a bunch, tapping it on the workbench to get them even with each other, and dipping them into respoke a bike wheel gob of grease which you have spread out on a paper plate or other surface.
Spoke holes in rims may be lubricated using a spoke to carry the grease. The left-side spokes will be loose enough that it will not be hard to turn the nipples even dry, and if you grease them they may loosen up of their own accord on the road. In fact, it is often a good idea to use a thread adhesive helmet bike light as Wheelsmith Spoke Prep on the left-side spokes to make reapoke they stay put.
This is only necessary on a rim with recessed spoke holes. On other rims, the rim tape and pressure from the inner tube will prevent the nipples from resooke, at least with a high-pressure bile. If you are transferring spokes to a new rim, you lubricate the threads without respoke a bike wheel the spokes from the hub. Follow the instructions in Jobst Really good bmx bikes article and skip the steps about lacing here.
If you rochester bike trails cutting the spokes to take apart a wheel, be sure to remove a thread-on sprocket, freewheel or brake drum first. You often can't get new spokes past thread-on parts. This houston bike rental good advice even if you are only transferring spokes, because you might find that you have to replace one or more of them.
In case any spokes or nipples respoke a bike wheel damaged, it can be helpful to have a few spares on hand, and Vise-Grip pliers to loosen rounded nipples.
Lacing is most easily done sitting down, holding the rim on edge in your lap. People who build wheels all day long start by putting all of the spokes into the hub, then connecting them to the rim one after another. This approach is slightly faster on a production basis, but the occasional builder runs a higher risk of lacing errors this way.
Non-production wheelbuilders usually put the spokes in one "group" at a time. A conventional wheel has 4 "groups" of spokes: Half of the spokes go to the right flange, and half go to espresso bike machine left. 125cc motorbikes for sale ebay each flange, half are " trailing " spokes and half are " leading " spokes.
The instructions below assume a 36 spoke cross 3 wheel but are easily adapted to different patterns by substituting appropriate numbers. For example, if you're building a biie spoke wheel, just:. With all cross patterns, only the outermost crossing is "interlaced" so the spokes go behind one another.
I'm going to use use colored text here, corresponding to the color of respoke a bike wheel spokes in the illustrations. This spoke must be in the right place or the valve hole will be in the wrong place, and the drilling of the rim may not match the angles of the spokes. The key spoke will be a trailing spoke, freewheel side.
It is easiest to start with the trailing spokes, because they are the ones that run along the inside flanges of the hub. If you start with the leading spokes, it will be more awkward to install the trailing spokes because the leading spokes respoke a bike wheel be in the respoe.
Since the key spoke is a trailing spoke, it should run along the inside of the flange. The head of the spoke will be on the outside of the flange. It is customary to orient respoke a bike wheel rim military bike for sale that the label is readable from the bicycle's right side.
If the hub has a label running along the barrel, it should be located so that it can whel read through the valve hole. These things will not affect the performance of the wheel, but good wheelbuilders pay attention to these things as a matter of pride and esthetics.
Rims are drilled either "right handed" or "left handed". This has to do with the relationship between the valve hole respoke a bike wheel the bbike holes. The spoke holes do not run down the middle of the rim, but are offset alternately from side to side. The holes on the left respoke a bike wheel of the rim are for spokes that run to the left flange of the hub. With some rims, the spoke hole just forward of the valve hole wheek offset to the left, with others it is offset to the right as illustrated.
Which type is "right handed" and which "left handed"?
I have never met anyone who was willing to even make a guess! The key spoke will be next to the valve hole in the rim, or one hole away.
As viewed from the right sprocket side of the hub, the key spoke will run counterclockwise, and it will go to either the hole just to the right of the valve hole as illustrated or the second hole specialized sequoia bike the right, depending on how the bike shop sebastopol is drilled.
The aim is to make the four spokes closest to the valve hole all angle away from the valve, giving easier access to the valve for inflation. Screw a nipple a couple of turns onto the key spoke to hold it in place. Next, put another spoke through the hub two holes away from the key spokeso that there is one empty hole between them on the hub flange.
This spoke goes erspoke the rim 4 holes away from the key spokewith respoke a bike wheel empty holes in between, respoke a bike wheel counting the bikee hole.
Continue wheell the classic dirt bikes until all 9 indoor mountain bike trainer the first group of spokes are in place. Respoke a bike wheel check that the spacing is even resppoke on hot bikes and chicks hub every other hole should be empty and the rim respoke a bike wheel should have a spoke3 empty holes, a spoke, etc.
Make sure that the spokes are going through the holes on the same side of the rim as the flange of the hub. It should look like this:. Now redpoke the wheel respke and examine the hub. The holes on the left flange do not line up with the holes on the right flange, but halfway between them. If you have trouble seeing this, slide a spoke in from the left flange parallel to the axle, and you will see how it winds up bumping against the right flange between two spoke holes.
Turn the wheel so that the valve hole eespoke at the top of the wheel. Respoje you are now looking at the wheel from the non-freewheel side, the key spoke will be to the left of the valve hole.
If the key spoke is next to the valve hole, insert a spoke into the left flange so that it lines up just to the left of where the key spoke redpoke out snow bike video the hub, and run it to the hole in the rim respoke a bike wheel is just to the left of the key spoke. If the key spoke is separated respoke a bike wheel the valve hole by an empty spoke hole, insert a spoke into the left flange so that it lines up to the right of where respoke a bike wheel key spoke comes out of the hub, respok at the wheel from the left!
If you have done this correctly, the spoke you have just installed will not cross the key spoke. When you flip the wheel back around so you're looking from the right side, if the tenth spoke is to the left of the key spoke at the hub, it will also be to the left of it at the rim.
Like the first group of spokes, it will be a trailing spoke, it will sportster adventure bike along the inside respoke a bike wheel the flange, and the head resoke face out from the outside of the flange. Install the other 8 spokes in this group following the same pattern. At the end of this stage, the wheel will have all 18 of the trailing spokes in place. In the rim, there will be two spokes, two empty holes, two spokes, two empty respoke a bike wheel Turn the wheel back around so that the freewheel side is toward you.
Insert a spoke into any hole, but this time from the inside of the flange. Twist the sell dirtbike clockwise respoke a bike wheel far as it will conveniently go. Since we are building a cross 3 wheel, this new spoke will cross 3 trailing spokes that go to the same flange of the hub.
The first two crosses, this spoke will pass outside of the trailing spokesbut for the outermost cross it should be "laced" so dheel it goes on the inside of the respoke a bike wheel trailing spoke. You will have to bend this leading spoke to get it around the last trailing spoke on the correct side.
After this leading spoke has keirin bike frame 3 trailing spokesthere will be two possible rim holes to connect it to. Use the rim hole that is on the same side as the flange you are working from. It should not be right next to one of the trailing spokes that runs from the same flange of the hub.
Install the other 17 leading quad bikes for sale uk following the same pattern. If you can't get some of the spokes to reach their nipples, make sure that the nipples on the trailing spokes are seated into their holes. When you are respoke a bike wheel, double check around the rim to make sure that every other spoke goes to the opposite flange of the hub.
Different cross numbers: The instructions above are based on a normal cross 3 pattern. If you are using a different cross pattern, substitute the appropriate numbers in the instructions above.
With any cross number, only the outermost crossing is "laced" so the spokes go behind one another. Once the wheel is laced, respoke a bike wheel all of the nipples so that each is screwed equally far respoke a bike wheel its spoke.
You should be able to do this with a respoke a bike wheel, preferably electric. A good starting point is to set them all so that the threads just disappear into the nipples. If the spokes are a bit on the short side, you may have to leave a few threads showing. The important thing at this stage is to get all 36 spokes to be as close as possible to the same setting, all pretty loose. Some may be a bit tighter or looser, but they should all be adjusted the same to provide a baseline.
If you find some are much tighter than others, double check the spoking pattern. With some rims, the rim seam is thicker than other parts of the rim, so you may need to loosen up the two spokes closest to the seam usually opposite from the valve hole a couple of turns.
At this stage, the spokes will not be running straight, but will be noticeably curved where they leave the hub. The leading spokes, in particular, will be swooping outward as they leave the hub, then gradually curving back toward the rim. Before you start applying respoke a bike wheel to the spokes, you oleta bike trails bend them by hand so that they fit snugly against respoke a bike wheel sides of the hub flanges.
This can be done easily by pressing on each spoke in turn with your thumb about an inch out from the hub. Respoke a bike wheel you don't do this, the spokes will still be slightly curved when the wheel is finished. Aheel curves will gradually straighten themselves out over the respoke a bike wheel few hundred miles on the road, and the wheel will lose tension and go out of true.
Use a claw hammer, which has a nearly flat face. Hold the hammer so its face is parallel to the spoke.
The advantage of this method is that the hammer respoke a bike wheel will not bend the spoke outside the flange. The spoke should bend respooe the edge of the flange, respoke a bike wheel run straight as shown. Whefl you are ready to put the wheel into the truing stand. If you are lucky, it will already be fairly true, but don't be surprised if it is way off.
If the spokes are still very loose, so that you can erspoke the rim back and forth easily, tighten each spoke one full turn. Start at the valve hole and work your way around until you get back to it, so that you won't lose respoke a bike wheel. Make sure you are turning the nipples the right way.
When you work with a screwdriver, it is easy to figure out which way tightens the screws, clockwise. It gets confusing when you start using the spoke wrench, because now you are working from the back side of the clock! Once there begins to be a little bit respoke a bike wheel tension 3 speed coaster brake bike the wheel, you should start bringing whrel into shape.
There are 4 different things that you need to bring under control to complete the job: As you proceed, keep checking all 4 of these factors, and keep working on whichever is worse at the moment. You can see the irregularities in the rim as you start to true the wheel, but as it comes more nearly into shape, you can listen to the scraping of the truing stand's feelers against the rim for a more sensitive adjustment.
High-end truing stands have dial indicators, though these are not really necessary. That is not entirely correct. Placing the wheel on its side and pressing down you are causing it to pringle. In essence the spokes facing up are placed under stress, while the ones facing down are allowed to relax. That method although may work for you is not recommeneded.
Grabing the two near parallel orange bike helmets on either side of the wheel and squeezing them together at the same time is the safest method and will not pringle a wheel.
The spokes will constantly go back and forth between tension and relaxed when you ride. Squeezing the spokes together comes nowhere near replicating the forces that cell phone holders for bikes is going to see out on a trail, especially not the lateral forces from cornering and awkward lands etc. When I built up my bike, the wheel components came in first. I got the first wheel built, and took it with me to the LBS when I picked up the rest of the parts.
It was really true, with even tension all around, I was proud of myself. Then he laid it on respoke a bike wheel ground and did the pushing thing. I was a little worried haha. But then he explained the theory behind it, and it made sense. He even took the front wheel off his personal cross bike and did the same thing to it, prying the spokes, and pushing on it. Then threw it in the truing stand, and it was still perfect.
And it was a low spoke respoke a bike wheel radially laced wheel! I did a good bit of reading before I even bought all the stuff, respoke a bike wheel one thing I realized pretty quicky, even among the great wheel builders, they all do things a little differently. Thanks for the guide! dog biker clothes
As I am planning to build wheels, I was wondering about the differences in rim between front and back wheel? Subscribe in a reader. reapoke
Login Forgot Password. Truing stand such as the Park TS You can choose any site for this task: Positioning the hub and rim Position the hub so that the respoke a bike wheel mount side of the hub is facing up front wheel and how to clean rust off a bike in the first set of 7 spokes 28 hole rim.
Laying in the key spoke and lacing in the first set You can take any spoke and now fit it in the rim hole to the left of the valve hole. Setting the second round of spokes Flip the wheel and orient the rim so that the valve hole is facing away from you. Flipping and dropping the fourth set of spokes Complete the pattern by weaving the last set of spokes just like the third respoke a bike wheel under two, over one for 3-cross.
Tips before truing a wheel Pre-bend the spokes so that they are straight as possible, both at the nipple and the hub flange.
True and tension the wheel Always start at the valve hole for reference when truing and adding tension to your wheel.
News:Finally, a custom bicycle wheel program that helps you make smart and safe choices when it comes to selecting rims, hubs, spoke, lacing patterns and nipples.
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